With this Cooperative Learning Challenge, you will learn to respect the basic principles and objectives of peer learning, in order to: A) Plan in a clear manner the work to be done; B) choose techniques according to participants’ qualities, objectives of the programme, the teacher’s experience and available resources; C) delegate responsibilities held by the teacher in the class group; D) rely upon the complementarity group member roles to reach common goals, assuming individual responsibilities; and E) Carry out a shared assessment between the individual, the class and the teacher.
Cooperative learning, the generally known term for the set of teaching procedures that is based on organising the class into small, mixed, heterogeneous groups in which students work together in coordination, to complete academic tasks and to deepen their own learning.
Brothers David and Roger Johnson, social psychologists and authors of reference regarding this specific type of methodology, define it as the kind of learning situation in which participants’ objectives are so closely linked that they can only achieve their own individual goals if the other participants are able to achieve theirs.
The cooperative learning methodology proposes a series of teaching strategies based on the cooperative interaction of students, which could see it included within the kind of methodologies that are based on ideas of constructivist learning theory.
John Dewey (1859 – 1952) was one of the first in promoting the importance of building knowledge inside the classroom through interaction and systematic peer support. Other authors to continue this work and expand on the methodology were Lewin, Eliade and Freinet.
This Challenge will activate Teaching Skill in:
Developing the following abilities:
- Empathy and effective communication
- Activity achievability