Through the Multiple Intelligences Challenge, you will learn to explore the possibility of providing your students with activities designed to promote and develop each of these types of intelligence. Right from the initial scheduling of the syllabus onwards, the opportunities for learning through activity development is set in motion, taking into account each type of intelligence when planning exercises.
In 1983, Harvard University psychologist, Howard Gardner, presented his multiple intelligences theory to the academic world in the book, Frames of Mind. This theory broke away from the widespread thinking that intelligence was one element. Gardner proposes that in reality humans have different types of intelligence, which we develop to a greater or lesser degree throughout our lives. He theorises that there are seven types of intelligence, although there are now eight that are spoken of, with the possibility of adding a ninth:
1) Verbal-linguistic intelligence; 2) logical-mathematical intelligence; 3) visual-spatial intelligence, 4) bodily-kinesthetic intelligence; 5) Musical-rhythmic intelligence; 6) interpersonal Intelligence; 7) intrapersonal Intelligence; 8) naturalistic intelligence.
The possible ninth intelligence (known for the moment as existential or spiritual) would refer to the human cognitive capacity to care about the most significant life subjects. It must however be said that this intelligence is not recognized as such.
Some key points to keep in mind regarding the multiple intelligences theory include:
- All people have the eight types of intelligence.
- The majority of people are able to develop each type of intelligence to achieve a suitable level of skill.
- The intelligence types work in a coordinated, complex manner.
- In each category there are many ways to be intelligent.
This Challenge will activate Teaching Skills in:
Developing the following abilities:
- Learning diagnosis
- Flexibility regarding spatial use
- Time management
- Psychosocial conditions for learning
- Multiple Intelligences or tutorial role