Through this Challenge you will learn to create an intelligent and deliberative environment in your teaching training through the use of strategies, guided practice and training processes commonly known as Thinking Skills and Routines.
Thinking skills are mental abilities and processes that develop the individual’s ability to observe, analyse, reflect, synthesize, infer, draw parallels, and to be creative. These capabilities focus on adaptation to their environment, problem solving and decision-making.
There are three principles, established in the late 80s after conducting several studies, which should be kept in mind when working on thinking skills and abilities in the classroom:
- The clearer the teaching of thinking, the more effective it is.
- The greater the degree of deliberation in class, the more students value the ability to think.
- The more integrated the teaching of thinking in classwork transmission, the more students think about what they are learning.
Thinking Routines are short, simple strategies that help students to direct their own thinking and structure classroom discussions. The purpose of the use of Thinking Routines is for students to convert them into a habit, where they form a permanent part of the way students think.
Thinking skills constitute deeper and more intricate thought, for which the use of graphic organisers is almost always necessary to explain the thinking involved and to make it visible.
This Challenge will activate Teaching Skills in:
Developing the following abilities:
- Cognitive Conflict and mental activation